GRADUATE SCHOOL OF INFORMATICS


Proficiency Exam Dictionary

The definitions in this dictionary are based on LONGMAN Dictionary of Contemporary English.

 

accurate

correct and true in every detail

advocacy

defense, support, endorsement

blink

flicker, quick back and forth movement

chronological

arranged in order of occurrence, arranged according to the dates on which events occurred.

cite

to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), especially as an authority

component

ingredient, single piece which forms part of a larger whole

contest

a contest is a struggle to win power or control, challenge

convert

transform, change

crib

to copy school or college work dishonestly from someone else.

decrease

to become less or go down to a lower level; reduce; decline

elbow

the bend or joint of the human arm between upper arm and forearm

encode

put data into digital form, encrypt, convert a message into code

ensure

make certain

exaggerated

overstated, made to seem greater or more important than it really is

expansion

enlargement, increase, spread; development

feed

To supply a signal to the input of a system, subsystem, equipment, or electronic component, such as a transmission line or antenna; to put information into a computer over a period of time.

flicker

to burn or shine with an unsteady light that goes on and off quickly.

fluctuate

keep changing and becoming higher and lower

horizontal

parallel to the horizon, flat, level

import

bring from another place

increase

enlarge, add to, augment; multiply; raise, heighten, intensify

indent

to set in or back from the margin, as the first line of a paragraph

inherently

Permanently existing in something; inseparably attached or connected; naturally pertaining to.

intersperse

insert here and there, disperse, scatter

label

text which appears on a computerized note

narrow

tight, strait; reduced; narrow-minded; not wide

navigation

when you click on words pictures etc in order to move between documents that are connected on the internet.

orientation

direction in which one can read text or see a picture

palm

personal computer of a small size and limited ability

peripheral

auxiliary equipment that is connected to a computer (printer, keyboard, etc.)

poem

literary work that is written in verse

prohibit

To forbid by authority

retain

to continue to use, to continue to hold

stand for

be a symbol of; support; represent

syndicate

a group of people or organizations who have come together to accomplish a joint effort, To combine or form into.

take away

remove something from a place

truncation

act of shortening, act of cutting short

turn upward

to turn a switch on a machine to increase a setting. Ex. Turn the volume of the radio upward. 

tweak

to improve system or design by making a slight change

unique

singular, matchless

volatile

rapidly changing