PhD Thesis

Ph.D. Thesis

Sarper Alkan, A computational model of the brain for decoding mental states from fMRI

In this study we present a brain model for decoding mental states that are captured using functional brain imaging (fMRI). We postulate that, the human brain processes information coming from the senses using specialized brain regions and the brain combines the activity of the specialized regions to come up with a coherent mental state. We model the postulated pattern of information processing in the brain as follows: First, we propose to capture the activity of specialized brain regions using homogenous voxel (volumetric pixel) groups: Supervoxels. Second, we combine the activity of supervoxels to decode the overall mental state using classifier ensembles: Brain Region Ensembles (BRE).

We test our model in three distinct fMRI datasets, where our model performs better, in terms of accuracy of classification of mental states, than the widely used brain decoding methods that rely on voxel selection. Also, we present how supervoxels can be used for the localization of the brain regions that are effective in discriminating the mental states under consideration regarding fMRI experiments.

Date: 07.10.2019 14:30 Place: Conference Hall 1

Sarper Alkan, A computational model of the brain for decoding mental states from fMRI

English

Mine Cüneyitoğlu Özkul, Single-Image Bayesian Restoration And Multi-Image Super-Resolution Restoration For B-Mode Ultrasound Images Using an Accurate System Model

Medical ultrasound provides various diagnostic advantages. If the image quality is improved, it will be beneficial for clinical usage.  In this thesis, the aim is to improve image quality and reduce speckle in B-mode ultrasound images. Both single and multi-frame, in-plane, freehand, 2D scan data was used for this purpose. Non-rigid registration, Bayesian restoration and super-resolution methods, along with a detailed study on statistical modelling of the speckle was employed. The results were compared to widely accepted image filtering methods. In terms of objective evaluation metrics and in image quality assesment on radiology experts, the proposed  methods performed better.

Date: 24.07.2019 Place: Conference Hall 1

Mine Cüneyitoğlu Özkul

English

Eren Esgin - Sequence Alignment Based Process Family Extraction

Cross-organizational process mining aims to extract commonality and differences among the processes that perform the same tasks in different organizations. The results can be used to create and enhance collaboration capabilities among different organizations. However, variabilities across organizations constitute a challenge to deal with. In this study, we propose a framework in order to measure the degree of similarity among the cross-organizational processes and to extract process families as a tree, by adapting sequence alignment technique. In an alignment, matching regions pinpoint a functional inheritance or a major commonality within process behavior for the organizations.

Date: 17 December 2018

English
Subscribe to RSS - PhD Thesis